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Kuehne-Nagel's video: Rail tracking and warehouse management (6:50 mins)
Demonstration poster presentations available to download
Demonstration D: Kuehne+Nagel - Rail tracking and warehouse management
Rail operations of Kuehne+Nagel S.A. (K+N) include the transfer of goods from Central European countries, through the Balkan area to Greece. In the context of this demonstration, the goods were transported by rail from Sopron, Hungary to K+N's terminal, a logistics centre owned by K+N in the industrial area of Thessaloniki (Sindos), where the transported cargo was:
The demonstration took place in the Thessaloniki Greater Area (including city centre and interurban area) and K+N's terminal and warehouse facilities in Sindos, 30km from Thessaloniki. The demonstration area was approximately 1,500 km2 including the area where the last-mile operations of K+N and its customers took place.
Warehousing and last-mile distribution activities depend on the performance of international rail freight transportation in terms of time reliability. Better information sharing on cargo location contributes to improved preparation processes of warehousing and more accurate planning of urban logistics.
Information on cargo location was previously provided manually, after on-site recording of cargo status by local rail operator's personnel. Information capturing and sharing using conventional means can lead to some erroneous information, directly affecting waiting times of trucks and the planning of the next legs (e.g. last mile distribution). It also has an adverse impact on terminal activities (warehouse management, cargo handling etc.). These gaps in the interconnection of the two successive transportation legs resulted in the creation of a huge administrative burden, with excess costs depreciating the company's image as a logistics service provider. According to K+N statistics, previously 27% of wagons were delayed for more than one day for various reasons, with 11.5% of these being removed (cut-off) from the train. The demonstration aimed to ameliorate these problems through tracking of rail wagons and cargo.
GPS-enabled devices were mounted onto rail wagons used by K+N for transporting goods and real-time information was provided to the warehouse management system on cargo location, assisting in the identification of delays, cut-off wagons, unexpected events, etc. In case of such unexpected incidents, notification alerts were sent to K+N and they, in turn, directly updated their customers or other involved stakeholders on expected time delays of the goods ordered.
GPS device on wagon
Based on the customer's demand and interest, during the first period of demonstration tests, six GPS devices were purchased and enabled the monitoring of 24 wagons per month (3% of the total). Preliminary results were highly encouraging and were close to maximum estimates: the total cost savings for K+N reached 1500€/month, while the reduction in truck kms was estimated to be 1200 km/month, equating to CO2 emissions savings of around 1kg/month. Those figures are indicative of considerable environmental benefits, as well as cost and energy savings when the demonstration is applied in a larger scale, including the monitoring of all the rail freight wagons at regional, national or international level, according to the demonstration's roll out scenario.
K+N's intention is to gradually increase the number of GPS monitoring devices and apply the concept of the demonstration at a larger scale, while the railway operators have also expressed interest in tracking rail wagons as an added value service to their operations, especially in cases when the high value of the transported cargo justifies the continuous use of tracking and tracing throughout the whole trip.
The stakeholders involved in the demonstration included: